3 Laws of Learning
He learns about the learning process through the numerous psychological studies that were undertaken on lesser kinds of animals. They developed several learning laws that do not apply to humans based on their studies. There are two different categories of legislation, as follows:
1. Law of Readiness
The law of preparedness is another name for the law of readiness. The learner “learns when he is prepared to learn,” according to this law. According to this law, “When any conduction unit is ready to conduct, for it does so with satisfaction, When any conduction unit is not ready to conduct for it to conduct with irritation.” Indeed, an individual’s condition, particularly the state of his neural system, affects readiness. Only when a person is ready to learn can they actually do so. A child cannot learn because his experiences will be frustrating, unsatisfying, and unpleasant unless he or she is physically and intellectually prepared. An individual’s muscular mass is controlled by their physical maturity. A young child’s muscular system should be developed sufficiently when he learns to stand. Children should possess both sorts of maturity when playing with a ball. Similar to this, a sportsperson needs to be physically and mentally prepared. Another crucial component of readiness is motivation.
2. Law of Effect
This concept states that if an activity requires effort but is pleasant or entertaining, the person will want to learn it quickly and will eventually learn it. On the other hand, if the outcome of the effort is unpleasant or sorrowful, the person loses interest in that activity and eventually stops doing it. In actuality, success and failure are closely tied to the law of effect. The happiness that comes with success motivates the person to pursue studying. The individual cannot learn that activity adequately as a result of their unhappiness, which results from their failure and becomes an obstacle in their route of learning. Therefore, physical education instructors ought to be understanding. The activities that produce painful and unsatisfactory results should be taught with attention and love at first. The personality, teaching and training methods, and behaviour of the physical education teacher determine whether the outcomes of learning that activity will be enjoyable and rewarding or unpleasant and unsatisfactory. In general, a physical activity’s outcomes are poor if it is taught using outdated or devalued techniques. On the other hand, when innovative teaching strategies are used, kids feel more satisfied and want to learn more. If the physical education instructor provides training with quality equipment and employs effective teaching methods, sports like gymnastics and wrestling—which initially appear to be very difficult—can be taught with ease. When a pupil who wants to learn boxing has a nose injury on the very first day of training, the teacher must know that the student will never be interested in learning the sport. It does not imply that we cannot gain a skill if we are unsuccessful in our endeavour. Some young people display stubborn behaviour. Even after a failed try, these kids pick up the sport.
3. Law of Exercise
This law states that “the strength of that connection is raised when an adjustable connection is formed frequently between a situation and a reaction, while the strength of that connection is lessened when an adjustable connection is not made frequently between a situation and a response over time.” In actuality, the laws of exercise and effect interact. Typically, enjoyable activities are forgotten because we prefer the enjoyable activities to the unpleasant ones. Because of this, the proverb “practise makes perfect” is said. This proverb placed emphasis on the idea that practise is crucial for developing a variety of skills. The realm of sports and games is subject to the full application of this law. Students cannot learn a sports activity right away when it is taught to them by a physical education teacher or coach. They therefore require consistent activity or training. Regular practise could prevent them from gradually forgetting the skill they have already learnt. All sports, including hockey, football, volleyball, cricket, and table tennis, are subject to this law. The significance of this law can be made clear by emphasising that swimming can only be learnt via practise or exercise and cannot be taught by correspondence.