Unit 2 Public Health in Health and Social Care Assignment Help Online

Introduction

Unit 2 Public Health in Health and Social Care Assignment Help Online

This assignment for Unit 2 of the Health and Social Care course discusses how many organisations contribute to the assessment of the community’s level of health and prevalence of diseases. Data, statistics, and the epidemiology of one infectious and one non-infectious disease in the UK are used to support the topic. In addition to discussing the disorders, this section also explains their causes and effects.

Students will also learn more about the nation’s health care service providers and the methods they have employed to shield society from dangerous diseases.

Task 1

1.1 Explain the roles of different agencies in identifying levels of health and disease in communities.

Numerous organisations offer health and social care services both in the UK and to people all over the world. The three organisations that provide health care services are discussed below.

Organization for World Health

Service National de la Santé

Medical Council, General

The three organisations mentioned above want to offer consumers health care services. Although they may have various precise goals, each organization’s main mission is the same.

The World Health Organization doesn’t offer direct services to the public; instead, it supports private organisations that have similar goals. They provide support to national health organisations. They offer their services primarily to organisations who are struggling in this industry or to health care systems that are just getting started. When there are crises, natural disasters, etc., they become more active. 2007’s Boys and Michie WHO makes every effort to develop a global investigation system to determine the extent of health and diseases that are still present in the population. To function efficiently, it develops a network of research labs and health facilities at the national, local, and provincial levels.

General Medical Council is another organisation that aids in determining the degree of health and disease in communities. By enhancing medical education and practises in the UK, this body strives to protect patients. By establishing guidelines for physicians and the services they render, they accomplish the same. They are dedicated to giving patients the best care possible. The GMC oversees not just the requirements for doctors but also their education and training, as well as that of medical students. By conducting surveys and establishing guidelines for doctors in a way that they can reduce the prevalence of present diseases, they assist in determining the level of health and diseases.

1.2 Explain, using statistical data, the epidemiology of one infectious and one non-infectious disease that is widespread in their own country.

The study of patterns, distribution, and incidence of diseases in the population is known as epidemiology. It addresses every element connected to the disease’s aetiology and influence on the environment. Both infectious and non-infectious diseases are subject to study.

Non-infectious diseases are brought on by mutations that are passed down from the previous generation, whereas infectious diseases are transmissible illnesses that can be spread by any infectious agent. (2011) Buettner and Muller

Food-borne illnesses are infectious diseases (FBD)

Campylobacter, salmonella, E. coli, and numerous other microorganisms can spread.

transporter: food items

FBDs are illnesses brought on by dietary consumption. The bacteria found in food enter our bodies and, if given the right conditions, flourish there.

Statistical Analysis of Foodborne Illnesses

Geographical distribution: Food-borne illnesses are fairly prevalent throughout the UK. In the entire UK, one million people have the FBD sickness. The majority of FBD cases are often minor and treatable with antibiotics. Some cases that progress to severe conditions require hospital care and ongoing therapy. Fish, meat, and dairy products are the foods that most commonly result in FBD because they offer the germs ideal circumstances for growth. (2015) Medlock and Leach

Unit 2 Public Health in Health and Social Care Assignment Help Online

The percentage of the population that is affected by a given disease is determined by its incidence rates.

1.3 Evaluate the effectiveness of different approaches and strategies to control the incidence of disease in communities

To reduce the prevalence of disease in communities, a variety of methods and tactics can be applied. These methods aid in early detection of disease signs that are about to have a negative impact on society. The following are some strategies that help communities control diseases:

Environment observation is referred to as surveillance. The term “disease surveillance” refers to keeping an eye on the environment for signs of impending sickness. It serves as a tool for analysis and interpretation of the analysis, which aids in determining the necessity of introducing various health initiatives for the populace. (Buchanan, Carnwell, and Carnwell, 2009)

Screening: Another tactic for reducing the spread of disease within communities is screening. Prior medical examination for the disease without noting its symptoms is referred to as screening. This earlier testing aids in detecting the presence of disease in a person so that treatment can begin before the sickness manifests. There are two techniques to screen an applicant. The term “universal screening” describes the selection of a certain population segment for screening. Case finding, which is another term for screening, refers to screening of people who are presumed to be ill.

Task 2

2.1 Use relevant research to determine current priorities and approaches to the provision of services for people with disease or illness.

Some chronic illnesses should be prevented as quickly as possible. These illnesses include diabetes, cancer, CVC, and obesity. Finding the illnesses’ priorities is crucial so that preventative actions can be implemented to stop the spread of sickness.

The graphic below depicts the proportion of diseases that are increasingly killing people around the world: One of the diseases that severely affects both the population of the UK and the rest of the world is HIV. In order to protect people from the disease, social care institutions should prioritise HIV prevention. The following steps comprise the prevention of diseases:

Primary prevention: By teaching the public about diseases and their causes, primary prevention refers to the first preventative methods that have been utilised to shield the community from disease. When it comes to the UK, the nation has made steps to prevent HIV. There are now two HIV prevention programmes available.

CHAPS was the primary HIV prevention programme implemented to stop HIV transmission among MSM (men sex with men). The primary goal of this programme is to inform the public about the safety precautions that can be used during sexual activity.

Another programme, called NAHIP, was made available primarily to the African populations in England. This programme promotes safer sex practises among black Africans in England in addition to condom use. (Nhs.uk, 2016)

Unit 2 Public Health in Health and Social Care Assignment Help Online

Task 3:

3.1 Assess the health and wellbeing priorities for individuals in a particular health or social care setting.

An individual is in a state of wellbeing when he or she feels at home in their surroundings. Only when a person is healthy, content, and satisfied with his or her surroundings can they reach this state of wellbeing. The several facets of wellbeing include social, physical, environmental, economic, and others. An individual’s health and wellbeing are closely intertwined. Different diseases affect different types of people. The choice of wellbeing is determined by the type of disease and its effects. The effects of the disease should be taken into consideration when setting priorities.My patient has to be treated by social and environmental wellbeing because he has acute stress condition. This is due to the fact that my patient must deal with the trauma or mental condition that some unpleasant events in his past have left him with. He requires both medical and social support to deal with that circumstance. Support from society is necessary to achieve social welfare. Friends, family, and other nearby individuals should offer patients with stress disorders emotional and social support. (2016) Wright Below are some of the things that affect the wellbeing and health of an individual:

Physical well-being: The body’s capacity for function is referred to as physical well-being. An individual is said to be physically healthy if his or her body is in excellent working order. A person must follow certain standards in order to maintain physical fitness, such as exercising, eating a healthy diet, controlling their weight, etc.

Mental well-being: Mental well-being refers to a person’s state of being mentally sound. A person develops mental illness if they are in a constant state of stress and trauma. The way a person’s brain functions is impacted by mental illness.

3.2 Evaluate the effectiveness of strategies, systems and policies in a health or social care setting.

The Commonwealth Fund has praised the UK for its significant investments in public health. In order to combat the prevalent diseases in the community, health care facilities in the UK are constantly developing new methods and policies. If we use HIV as an example, numerous programmes were put in place, such as CHAPS and NAHIP, to encourage and inform individuals about having safe sex and using precautions when having sex. These initiatives have been shown to significantly reduce the spread of STDs. (Ma, 2009)

3.4 Evaluate an activity that has been implemented to encourage behaviour change for maximising health for individuals in a health and social care setting.

A person can alter his or her behaviour by introducing a positive habit into their way of life. Physical activity is a healthy habit that people of all ages may adopt to stay in shape. Childhood is the best time to establish this habit because kids are more active and able to adjust to new situations than adults. As was already said, obesity affects people of all ages and is the most common ailment in the UK. Therefore, the best treatment that could result in a decrease in the number of fat persons in society is physical activity. (2012) Rowland

Health clubs that enable people of the same age group to gather and exercise together should be developed through social health care systems. It will be very good to organise a family sports festival once every six months or once a month so that everyone in the family may participate. The daily routines of the persons should be the emphasis of the social care settings, and programmes should be implemented accordingly. (2007) Jones-Devitt and Smith

Conclusion

The epidemiology of diseases must be studied since it contains data on the frequency, occurrence, and geographic distribution of the disease in the population. These details are used by healthcare organisations to develop preventative actions for these diseases. By informing the public on the causes and effects of the diseases that are common in society, UK health care providers are offering extremely great services to the public.

Unit 2 Public Health in Health and Social Care Assignment Help Online

Numerous health problems, such as obesity in society, are also caused by people’s lifestyles. The facilities that enable people to achieve good health should be made available in order to alter the way that they live.

References

Books:

Boys, D. and Michie, V. (2007). Health & social care. Oxford: Heinemann.

Buttner, P. and Muller, R. (2011). Epidemiology. South Melbourne, Vic.: Oxford University Press.

Carnwell, R., Buchanan, J. and Carnwell, R. (2009). Effective practice in health, social care and criminal justice. Maidenhead: McGraw Hill/Open University Press.

Gordis, L. (2009). Epidemiology. Philadelphia: Elsevier/Saunders.

Jones-Devitt, S. and Smith, L. (2007). Critical thinking in health and social care. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.

McCarthy, J. and Rose, P. (2010). Values-based health & social care. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Nolan, Y. (2010). Health & social care (adults). Oxford: Heinemann.

Stretch, B. (2007). Health & social care. Oxford: Heinemann.

World Health Organization. (2016). Health topics.(2016) [online] Available at: http://www.who.int/topics/en/ [Accessed 11 Aug. 2016].

BBC News. (2011). Will we really keep getting fatter?(2011) [online] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-15108966 [Accessed 12 Aug. 2016].